Press release 13 February 2017
Statistics published by the Finnish Petroleum and Biofuels Association reveal that domestic oil product sales remained at the same level as last year and amounted to approximately 7.7 million tonnes. In addition to liquid fuels, the figure includes bitumen and lubricants as well as raw materials of the petrochemical industry. The consumption of petrol continued its decline, whereas the consumption of diesel fuel increased. All transport fuels in Finland contain a growing concentration of biocomponents, which contributes to reducing the consumption of fossil oil.
-In Finland, the distributors of transport fuels have a gradually increasing obligation to distribute biofuels. By 2020, the obligation will be 20%. Every litre of fuel sold in Finland contains a varying amount of biofuel, so everyone refuelling their car also purchases biofuels, says Managing Director Helena Vänskä from the Finnish Petroleum and Biofuels Association.
Petrol sales amounted to slightly less than 2 billion litres in 2016. This was approximately 1% less than in 2015. The consumption of petrol has been declining for a long time, as technical developments have reduced fuel consumption in cars. The Finnish car taxation system favours models that are energy efficient.
The sales of diesel fuel grew by 3.5% in 2016, and the 3-billion-litre milestone was exceeded for the first time in history. The most significant area of consumption for diesel is transport for business and industry. According to figures from the Finnish Transport Safety Agency, the number of new diesel engine passenger cars registered in Finland increased by 2% in 2016 compared to the previous year.
Nearly 1.9 billion litres of light fuel oil were sold in 2016, which is some 5% more than in the previous year. Two thirds of the light fuel oil is consumed by machinery and equipment used in agriculture and forestry, in construction, and in industry. Only about a third is used for heating buildings. The amount of oil consumed for heating purposes has continued its decline as a result of the improved energy efficiency of new heating systems. Renewable energy is also increasingly used alongside oil heating.
About 440,000 tonnes of heavy fuel oil, which is mainly used in industry, were sold in 2016. This is just below 9% more than in the previous year.
The total sales of aviation fuel amounted to some 0.9 billion litres in 2016. This means that sales increased by approximately 2% compared to the previous year. Almost 90% of the aviation fuel is used for international flights.
Biofuels included in all transport fuels
According to the national Act on the promotion of the use of biofuels for transport (446/2007), a distributor of transport fuels liable to pay tax must distribute biofuels for consumption (distribution obligation). The share of biofuels is calculated based on the total energy content of the petrol, diesel oil and biofuels delivered by the distributor for consumption. In 2016, the distribution obligation was 10% and in 2017 it will be 12%. In practice, the annual share can also exceed the required level if a distributor wishes to contribute towards future requirements in advance. Until 2020, a double counting concept will apply to biofuels. If the raw material used to manufacture a biofuel is waste, residue or non-food cellulosic or lignocellulosic biomass that significantly reduces carbon dioxide emissions, it is counted twice in the distribution obligation.
Statistics concerning the share of biofuels are compiled by Finnish authorities, and the final figures are published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. The information concerning the year 2015 will be published this spring. Eurostat statistics for the year 2014 show that Finland is one of the top countries in Europe when the total share of biofuel consumption in road traffic (21.6%) is examined. According to the magazine published by the Finnish Energy Authority, biofuels accounted for more than 24% of the fuels used in Finnish road traffic in 2015 when double counting is taken into account. The information is based on sustainability criteria reports submitted by operators.
Further information: Finnish Petroleum and Biofuels Association, Helena Vänskä, managing director, tel. +358 (0)40 581 6786; Pekka Huttula, deputy managing director, tel. +358 (0)40 503 9465
Finnish Petroleum and Biofuels Association is the collective industry association that represents the interests of its members. The mission of the Association is to actively promote responsible use of liquid fuels and contribute to a sustainable energy future, while forging a favourable operating environment for it´s members. The Oil Industry Service Centre Ltd, owned by the association, executes the energy efficiency agreement Höylä and carries out industry-wide environmental and education projects. Website www.oil.fi